cost of restoring mining lands

Reclaiming the Land After Mining Cover

Another serious consequence of artisanal mining is the loss of productive potential from the land, while population growth increases the need for land to provide food, livelihoods, and housing. According to Dr. Sama Monde, Minister for Agriculture and Food Security, cultivable land, especially lowlands, is in short supply. Agricultural land

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OSMRE Major Programs

 · Reclaiming Abandoned Mine Lands – Restoring the Environment Title IV of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. Two centuries of US coal mining occurred before the passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977.As a result, millions of Americans live less than a mile from an abandoned coal mine.

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Abandoned Mine Site Characterization and Cleanup …

The Abandoned Mine Site Characterization and Cleanup Handbook (Handbook) is the result of the collective efforts and contributions of a number of individuals. During the earliest days of Handbook development, Mike Bishop of EPA Region 8 lead the effort to develop a Superfund Mine Waste Reference Document for EPA project managers working on mine

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STANDARD GUIDANCE (COP 40) Mine Rehabilitation and …

(COP 40) Mine Rehabilitation and Closure A. Definition and applicability Mine closure is a process undertaken when the operational stage of a mine is ending or has ended, and the final decommissioning and mine rehabilitation is being underway. Mine rehabilitation is the restoration of the post-mined landscape to the intended post-mining land use.

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Cookie Mining: Ore Production & Cost-Benefit Analysis ...

 · Cookie Mining Reference Information. Startup costs: Before mining timing starts: Land Cost. 1 cookie = $1,200. Land area = squares on graph paper (partial squares = 1 full square) Tools Cost (choose at least 2) 1 paperclip = $500. 1 round toothpick = $300. 1 flat toothpick = $100. After mining timing ends: Revenue from Sale of Chocolate Ore

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Restoration of Mined Areas | Ecological Restoration

Land disturbances due to mining operations and the resulting environmental effects have triggered a number of rehabilitation programmes with the aim of restoring natural ecosystems. Restoration of mine areas is amelioration of physical and chemical characteristics of substrate and ensuring the return of vegetation cover.

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Reclaiming and Restoring Lands Degraded from Mining ...

 · Reclaiming and Restoring Lands Degraded from Mining Research Issue. Mining operations in the eastern United States have heavily degraded extensive areas of land, especially in West ia. Throughout the state and in the southern coalfield current post-mining land use (PMLU) often leads to underutilization of natural resources and ...

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On Ravaged Tar Sands Lands, Big Challenges for ...

 · Less than one square mile of land disturbed by tar sands mining has been certified as reclaimed. The challenges of restoring a landscape uprooted by the destructive practice of oil sands mining — which involves strip mining the earth to depths of up to 250 feet — are enormous.

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Mine Land Reclamation in Action

Mine Land Reclamation in Action. Two centuries of US coal mining occurred before the passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977. Land that was once considered dangerous and unwelcoming is finding new purpose through innovative reclamation projects. Reclaiming a Company Town Project in Mather, PA.

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Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation—Challenges and ...

 · The theoretical purpose of restoration is to restore the mine site to the previously existing condition, i.e., the reestablishment of the land use before mining (e.g., Bradshaw, 1984, Bradshaw, 1996, Cooke and Suski, 2008). In this sense, it is necessary to reconstitute approximately the original ground terrain and ecosystem structure and function.

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Reclaiming Alberta''s oil sands mines

 · Disturbed land, mine tailings and water used in extraction and upgrading must all be reclaimed as part of that future ecosystem. The forest: making soil so trees can thrive Gateway Hill is located on the southeastern corner of Syncrude''s oil sands lease, between East Mine and Ruth Lake.

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Reclamation Cost Guide

The Reclamation Cost Guide includes over 200 pages of easy-to-find, indexed information to make your cost studies faster, easier and more credible. This service conforms to the USDI-Bureau of Land Management and USDA-Forest Service requirements for estimating costs for reclamation bonds, as well as for other regions in the U.S. and Canada.

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Division of Mineral Resources Management

About the Division. Contact Mineral Resources. Division of Mineral Resources Management. Managing the environmental and safety aspects of the coal and industrial mineral mining industries while protecting citizens, land, and water resources.

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Recovery of Surface Damage and Remediation Costs

of the loss of value or cost of restoration. This rule is called the market value rule.M any times the cost of restoration greatly exceeds the value of the land. For instance, requiring a company to restore the land after strip mining coal or lignite will exceed the value of the land prior to operations. Under the market L andowners whose property

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Mining Lands Administration | Ministry of Northern ...

 · For more information, please see this bulletin. Assistance for all matters related to the Mining Lands Administration System (MLAS) is available by calling us toll-free at 1-888-415-9845 (choose the Provincial Recording Office – Option 1). This toll-free line is staffed Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

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How to Restore Forests on Surface-Mined Land

Restoring forests on surface-mined land is challenging; however, reforestation research by ia Tech''s Powell River Project since 1980 shows that restored forests can be equally or more productive than the native forests removed by mining.

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Accounting for restoration costs | WIKIACCOUNTING

The reinstatement or restoration cost has to be expensed off on a straight-line basis until the end of the lease period. Impact of increase in lease term. In the initial period, the tenant measures the right of use of the asset and includes appropriate estimates of the cost to dismantle and remove the asset or restore the asset to the prior ...

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About Mining and Minerals | Bureau of Land Management

About Mining and Minerals. The Mining Law, as amended, opened the public lands of the United States to mineral acquisition by the location and maintenance of mining claims. Mineral deposits subject to acquisition in this manner are generally referred to as "locatable minerals." Locatable minerals include both metallic minerals (gold, silver ...

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Accounting for Mining (#261) — AccountingTools

 · The other cost that can come up later in the life of a mine is environmental obligations. If there''re any environmentally hazardous conditions at a mine site, the mining company may be seriously liable under a bunch of federal laws. If so, it may be responsible for things like feasibility studies, cleanup costs, legal fees, and restoration costs.

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The Economics of Restoration: Costs, benefits, scale and ...

Challenges Risks •Of production, of the market, legal aspects Incomplete information •Farmer and the society do not recognize the value of forests •Even if the the will exists, there is a lack of extension for Extension forest restoration Time •Very long time horizon (esp. for small-holder farmer) •Current cost per hectare is very hingh, perception of opportunity

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Land rehabilitation

Land rehabilitation as a part of environmental remediation is the process of returning the land in a given area to some degree of its former state, after some process (industry, natural disasters, etc.) has resulted in its damage.Many projects and developments will result in the land becoming degraded, for example mining, farming and forestry

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Land | Special Issue : Managing and Restoring of Degraded ...

Special Issue "Managing and Restoring of Degraded Land in Post-mining Areas". A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X). This special issue belongs to the section " Soil-Sediment-Water Systems ". Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021 .

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A Handbook for Reclaiming Sand and Gravel Pits in Minnesota

mining operation generally is small, the combined acreage nationwide is substantial. Nearly one million acres were affected by sand and gravel mining in the U.S. in a recent 40-year period. Less than a third of these acres were reclaimed. In Minnesota, sand and gravel mining is increasingly viewed as a …

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Economic Benefits of Land Conservation : ConservationTools

A summary of several Cost of Community Services studies from 25 states shows that on average, the median cost, per dollar of revenue raised, to provide public services for commercial and industrial lands was $0.29, for working and open space lands was $0.35, and for residential lands was $1.16.

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Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast Mining ...

 · According to these definitions: i) rehabilitation usually allows the greatest flexibility in future land use and incurs the least cost; ii) reclamation means that the pre- and post-disturbance land uses are nearly the same; and iii) restoration allows no land use flexibility and results in the greatest cost (Sahu and Dash, 2011).

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Abandoned Mine Lands | Superfund | US EPA

Abandoned Mine Lands are those lands, waters, and surrounding watersheds where extraction, beneficiation, or processing of ores and minerals (excluding coal) has occurred. These lands also include areas where mining or processing activity is inactive.

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When Coal Companies Fail, Who Pays For The Cleanup? : NPR

 · The U.S. coal industry is fading. As more companies declare bankruptcy, they may not be able to pay for land restoration projects — and taxpayers could be left with the cleanup bill.

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Federal | AbandonedMines

A fee assessed on annual coal production funds the costs of reclamation projects. The majority of the over $9 billion OSM has collected since 1977 has been distributed to states and Tribes with approved abandoned mine land programs to accomplish the land reclamation and environmental restoration.

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Mine Rehabilitation and Closure Cost

Mine Rehabilitation and Closure Cost: A Hidden Business Risk 6 6 Mine Closure and Rehabilitation Risks Undervaluation of closure costs can impact the balance sheet A "sleeper" contingent liability impacts the valuation of the company particularly those mining companies with low cash flow and a narrow asset base.

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Solved: Jackpot Mining Company Operates A Copper Mine In C ...

Jackpot Mining Company operates a copper mine in central Montana. The company paid $1,550,000 in 2018 for the mining site and spent an additional $710,000 to prepare the mine for extraction of the copper. After the copper is extracted in approximately four years, the company is required to restore the land to its original condition, including ...

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IFRS and the mining industry

be measured either at cost or on a revaluation model based on fair value, if the latter is reliably measurable. We do not expect many mining companies to elect a revaluation model, but expect consideration to be given to transition-date adjustments. 3. Provisions / Asset Retirement Obligations (including decommissioning and restoration costs)

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Mining & Reclamation

Financial security submitted by the mining permit applicant ensures that the land will be reclaimed. Since the state Mined Land Reclamation Law was enacted in 1975, more than 4,800 mines have received state mining permits and more than 2,500 mines have been reclaimed. The majority of the reclaimed mines have been reclaimed by operators.

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ARRI

Examples include evaluation of suitability of nutrient loaded nursery seedlings for restoration of mine sites (Salifu et al. 2009), and examination of the interaction between fertilization and deer browse pressure on seedling performance on mine sites (project funded by IDNR Reclamation in 2007). Douglass F. Jacobs, Ph.D.

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Solved: Herr Mining Company Plans To Open A New Coal Mine ...

Herr Mining Company plans to open a new coal mine. Developing the mine will cost. $10 million right away, but cash flows of $3 million will arrive starting in one year and then continuing for the next four years (i.e., years 2 through 5). After that, no coal will remain, and Herr must spend 21 million to restore the land surrounding the mine to ...

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